How are environmental enforcement matters resolved?

Settlements in administrative actions are often in the form of consent agreements/final orders (CA/FOs) or administrative orders on consent (AOCs).  Settlements in judicial actions are in the form of consent decrees signed by all parties to the action and filed in the appropriate court. 

A party typically negotiates civil penalties which are monetary assessments paid by a person or regulated entity due to a violation or noncompliance. Supplemental Environmental Projects (SEPs) and Mitigation can also be part of an enforcement settlement.  In criminal matters, defendants pay fines imposed by a Judge at the sentencing. In addition to criminal penalties, the defendant may be ordered to pay restitution to those affected by the violation.

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